Principles of Kata
- KISHIN NO YOI
Correct spiritual preperation and mental concentration towards the opponent - prior to the movements of the Kata.
Show correct pattern of movement - and stay within the lines of the Kata. Some katas are symmetrical - with an ideal start/stop on the same spot. If not stances were incorrect.
The harmony and contrast of the active and passive elements - the offensive and defencive parts of the Kata.
- KEITAI NO HOJO
The beauty of form and posture with the correct body geometry and positioning during movement and stance.
Correct use of spirit shouts at set points in the Kata.
Correct and controlled use of breathing during the execution of the Kata.
- TAI NO SHINSHUKU
Body contraction and expansion during performance of Kata. Correct moving from one kamae to another involves alternating bodily contractions and expansions.
Correct aiming points. Correct point of execution of techniques. The eyes are instrumental in this process to show the purpose of the movements.
- WAZA NO KANKYU
Correct speed of each movement and technique. Good contrast of fast and slow motion in Kata.
- CHIKARA NI KYOJAKU
Correct use of power in movements and stance. Power in Kata is a product of balance between strength and relaxation.
- JUSHIN NO ANTEI
Correct stability of centre of gravity in movement and stance.
Correct mental awareness in execution of technique - and at the completion of Kata.